Gravitation based on Scalar Potentials and Black Holes

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Mark Titleman


This paper puts forward the concept that the universe possesses two scalar potentials similar to those proposed by E.T. Whittaker in which waveforms travel longitudinally. It is proposed that these scalar potentials form through black holes, creating both normal transverse EM radiation as well as gravity. This conception of the universe opens up new avenues for understanding the universe and black holes while applying parsimonious explanations to dark matter and MOND theories. These conclusions are arrived at on the basis of an original cosmology as well as mathematical representations. A new universal speed limit is determined and the critical MOND acceleration is derived.

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TITLEMAN, Mark. Gravitation based on Scalar Potentials and Black Holes. Quarterly Physics Review, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, may 2020. ISSN 2572-701X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 july 2020. doi:
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