Evaluating the Quality of Life and Transition of Adolescents and Young Adults with Asthma in an Inner City

Main Article Content

Angelica Gangemi Nabil Abou-Baker Kristin Wong

Abstract

Purpose


This study examines the correlation of the Mini Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (miniPAQLQ) with the Got Transitions Readiness Assessment Survey (GTRAS) of inner-city adolescents and young adults with asthma in Newark, New Jersey.


 


Methods


One hundred six patients with asthma, aged 12-21 years old, were assessed at University Hospital in Newark, NJ while receiving typical care. In this cross-sectional study, patients were assessed using the miniPAQLQ and GTRAS tools. General demographics were captured. MiniPAQLQ sections on activity, symptom, and emotional function, were compared to the GTRAS questions on perceived transition readiness and ability to complete healthcare tasks.


 


Results


Fifty-three percent of the patients were female, 57% were African American, 37% were Latino/a, and 97% had insurance. The overall median quality of life (QOL) score was 6. Specific activity, symptom and emotional function QOL scores did not correlate with overall perceived transition readiness. However, QOL scores >5 did correlate with patients’ abilities to complete specific health-related tasks of transition, especially when comparing emotional function and “knowing” their health.


 


Conclusions


Our results demonstrate that the emotional function of adolescents and young adults with asthma is significantly linked to their ability to complete healthcare tasks independently, indicating that a psychological-based approach to transition may be necessary. Low emotional QOL scores may help identify patients at risk of poor transition who would benefit from additional intervention. Further research is needed to assess quality of life and its effects on development of these patients.


 


Keywords: asthma, adolescent, young adult, transition, independence, quality of life

Article Details

How to Cite
GANGEMI, Angelica; ABOU-BAKER, Nabil; WONG, Kristin. Evaluating the Quality of Life and Transition of Adolescents and Young Adults with Asthma in an Inner City. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, jan. 2020. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <https://journals.ke-i.org/mra/article/view/2031>. Date accessed: 03 june 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/mra.v8i1.2031.
Section
Research Articles

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