Prader-Willi/Angelman Syndrome: a comparison study of MS-PCR and MS-MLPA

Main Article Content

Angela Brown Kimberley Flintoff Clive Felix Carmel Gillman Mansour Zamanpoor Donald R. Love

Abstract

Abstract

Background: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) are well-characterised conditions in which the phenotypes and genes responsible are distinct, but they share a common genetic mechanism. PWS is due to a lack of paternally-expressed genes located to human chromosome region 15q11-q13, and AS is due to a lack of maternally-expressed genes located to the same region. There are a variety of testing strategies available to determine if a patient has either of these syndromes.

Methods and results: In this study, we tested two of the methods used in clinical laboratories to confirm a diagnosis of PWS and AS: methylation sensitive PCR (MS-PCR) and methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA). Thirty samples which had previously been tested for either PWS or AS by MS-PCR were blinded and tested prospectively by MS-MLPA.

Conclusions: Both tests showed complete concordance with respect to confirming a clinical diagnosis. Of the three principal mutation mechanisms underpinning PWS/AS, MS-PCR cannot resolve any of them while MS-MLPA can detect deletion events; neither can differentiate between uniparental disomy or point mutations in the imprinting centre. Both techniques provide an accurate confirmation of a clinical diagnosis with the possibility of a quick turnaround time of approximately two days. Therefore, either technique would be of benefit in a routine diagnostic laboratory.

Article Details

How to Cite
BROWN, Angela et al. Prader-Willi/Angelman Syndrome: a comparison study of MS-PCR and MS-MLPA. Medical Research Archives, [S.l.], v. 5, n. Issue 9, sep. 2017. ISSN 2375-1924. Available at: <http://journals.ke-i.org/index.php/mra/article/view/1437>. Date accessed: 17 dec. 2017.
Keywords
Angelman Syndrome; Deletions; Imprinting; Prader-Willi Syndrome; Uniparental Disomy
Section
Articles

References

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