On fuel choice and water balance during migratory bird flights

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Cecilia Giulivi Jon Ramsey

Abstract

It has been proposed that water loss in flight of migratory birds under high evaporative conditions can be offset by the production of water through increased protein catabolism.  Indeed, oxidation of protein may supply 7-times more water/kJ than fat. However, the lack of a relative increase in protein catabolism over that of fat during long flights is indicative of alternative processes that may take place in birds under long and strenuous flights.  Among them, release of stress hormones (which increase both protein and fat catabolism) and increased protein catabolism triggered by increased oxidative damage to muscle proteins elicited by phosphorylating mitochondria, processes not necessarily linked to water deprivation.

Article Details

How to Cite
GIULIVI, Cecilia; RAMSEY, Jon. On fuel choice and water balance during migratory bird flights. International Biology Review, [S.l.], n. 1, apr. 2015. ISSN 2572-7168. Available at: <http://journals.ke-i.org/index.php/ibr/article/view/58>. Date accessed: 24 apr. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.18103/ibr.v0i1.58.
Keywords
migratory birds, fat, glycogen, water, fuel, exercise
Section
Articles

References

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